About this Page Hacker

Welcome to the Hacker’s Blog and this blog is especially made for hackers. Here you will be getting all the hacking tools necessarily hacking tools for hackers to hack and tricks, books etc. The owner of the hacking site, group and the Facebook page is Bibek Kunwar.

Note: No responsible or blame will be taken for misusing this tricks,books, software etc.

 

 

Proud to be hacker——Hacker(Bibek Kunwar)

About Our Country

NEPAL POPULATION: 29,391,883

 

 Background
In 1951, the Nepalese monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing ten-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nation-wide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The Constituent Assembly elected the country’s first president in July. The Maoists, who received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, formed a coalition government in August 2008, but resigned in May 2009 after the president overruled a decision to fire the chief of the army staff. The Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist and the Nepali Congress party then formed a new coalition government with several smaller parties. The prime minister’s resignation in June 2010 ushered in seven months of political gridlock until Jhala Nath KHANAL was elected as replacement in February 2011. His pressing tasks are to conclude the drafting of a new constitution by the late May 2011 deadline and to determine the future of the former Maoist combatants.
 Geography
Landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world’s 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga – the world’s tallest and third tallest – on the borders with China and India respectively
Location: Southern Asia, between China and India
Geographic coordinates: 28 00 N, 84 00 E
Area: total: 147,181 sq km land: 143,351 sq km water: 3,830 sq kmSize comparison: slightly larger than Arkansas
Land Boundaries: total: 2,926 km border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
Terrain: Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m
Natural resources: quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Land use: arable land: 16.07% permanent crops: 0.85% other: 83.08% (2005)
Irrigated land: 11,680 sq km (2008)
Natural hazards: severe thunderstorms; flooding; landslides; drought and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
Current Environment Issues: deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
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 People
Population: 29,391,883 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 34.6% (male 5,177,264/female 4,983,864) 15-64 years: 61.1% (male 8,607,338/female 9,344,537) 65 years and over: 4.4% (male 597,628/female 681,252) (2011 est.)
Median age: total: 21.6 years male: 20.7 years female: 22.5 years (2011 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.596% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 22.17 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.81 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 44.54 deaths/1,000 live births male: 44.54 deaths/1,000 live births female: 44.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.16 years male: 64.94 years female: 67.44 years (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.47 children born/woman (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 0.4% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 64,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths: 4,700 (2009 est.)
Nationality: noun: Nepalese (singular and plural) adjective: Nepalese
Ethnic groups: Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)
Religions: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
Languages: Nepali (official) 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census) note: many in government and business also speak English (2001 est.)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 48.6% male: 62.7% female: 34.9% (2001 census)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal conventional short form: Nepal local long form: Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal local short form: Nepal
Government type: federal democratic republic
Capital: name: Kathmandu geographic coordinates: 27 43 N, 85 19 E time difference: UTC+5.75 (10.75 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 14 zones (anchal, singular and plural); Bagmati, Bheri, Dhawalagiri, Gandaki, Janakpur, Karnali, Kosi, Lumbini, Mahakali, Mechi, Narayani, Rapti, Sagarmatha, Seti
Independence: 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH)
National holiday: Republic Day, 29 May; Democracy Day, 24 April
Constitution: 15 January 2007 (interim Constitution); note – in April 2008, a Constituent Assembly was elected to draft and promulgate a new constitution by May 2010, but the deadline has been extended
Legal system: English common law and Hindu legal concepts
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Ram Baran YADAV (since 23 July 2008); Vice President Paramananda JHA (since 23 July 2008) head of government: Prime Minister Baburam BHATTARAI (since 29 August 2011); Deputy Prime Ministers Bijay Kumar GACHCHADAR (since 29 August 2011) and Narayan Kaji SHRESTHA cabinet: cabinet was formed in May 2009 by a majority coalition made up of the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist, Nepali Congress, Madhesi People’s Rights Forum, Nepal-Democratic, and several smaller parties (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: president elected by Parliament; term extends until the new constitution is promulgated; election last held on 21 July 2008; date of next election NA election results: Ram Baran YADAV elected president by the Constituent Assembly in a second round of voting on 21 July 2008; Ram Baran YADAV 308, Ram Jaja Prasad SINGH 282
Legislative branch: unicameral Constituent Assembly (601 seats; 240 members elected by direct popular vote, 335 by proportional representation, and 26 appointed by the Cabinet (Council of Ministers)) elections: last held on 10 April 2008 (next to be held NA) election results: percent of vote by party – CPN-M 38%, NC 19%, CPN-UML 18%,Madhesi People’s Right Forum 9%, other 11%; seats by party – CPN-M 229, NC 115, CPN-UML 108, Madhesi People’s Rights Forum 54, Terai Madhes Democratic Party 21, other smaller parties 74; note – 26 seats filled by the new Cabinet are included in the totals above
Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Sarbochha Adalat (the president appoints the chief justice on recommendation of the Constitutional Council; the chief justice appoints other judges on the recommendation of the Judicial Council)
Political parties and leaders: Chure Bhawar Rastriya Ekata Party [Keshav Prasad MAINALI]; Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (inactive); Communist Party of Nepal-Marxist Leninist or CPN-ML [C.P. MAINALI]; Communist Party of Nepal-Unified [Raj Singh SHRIS]; Communist Party of Nepal-United [Chandra Dev JOSHI]; Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist or CPN-UML [Jhalanath KHANAL]; Dalit Janajati Party [Vishwendraman PASHWAN]; Federal Democratic National Forum; Madhesi People’s Rights Forum-Democratic [Bijay Kumar GACHHADAR]; Madhesi People’s Rights Forum-Nepal [Upendra YADAV]; Nepal Loktantrik Samajbadi Dal [Upendra GACHCHHADAR]; Nepal Pariwar Dal [Eknath DHAKAL]; Nepal Sadbhavana Party-Anandi Devi [Sarita GIRI]; Nepal Workers and Peasants Party or [Narayan Man BIJUKCHHE]; Nepali Congress or NC [Sushil KOIRALA]; Nepali Janata Dal [Harish Chandra SHA]; Newa Rastriya Party [Keshav Man SHAKYA]; Rastriya Janamorcha [Chitra Bahadur K.C.]; Rastriya Janamukti Party [Malwar Singh THAPA]; Rastriya Janashakti Party or RJP [Surya Bahadur THAPA]; Rastriya Prajantantra Party [Pashupati Shumsher RANA]; Rastriya Prajantantra Party Nepal [Kamal THAPA]; Sadbhavana Party [Rajendra MAHATO]; Samajbadi Prajatantrik Janata Party Nepal [Prem Bahadur SINGH]; Terai Madhes Democratic Party [Mahantha THAKUR]; Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) [Pushpa Kamal DAHAL, also known as PRACHANDA]
Political pressure groups and leaders: other: several small armed Madhesi groups along the southern border with India; a variety of groups advocating regional autonomy for individual ethnic groups
International organization participation: ADB, BIMSTEC, CP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAM, OPCW, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMIT, UNOCI, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Shankar Prasad SHARMA chancery: 2131 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008 telephone: [1] (202) 667-4550 FAX: [1] (202) 667-5534 consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Scott H. DELISI embassy: Maharajgunj, Kathmandu mailing address: use embassy street address telephone: [977] (1) 400-7200 FAX: [977] (1) 400-7272
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 Economy
Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world, with almost one-quarter of its population living below the poverty line. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for three-fourths of the population and accounting for about one-third of GDP. Industrial activity mainly involves the processing of agricultural products, including pulses, jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. Nepal has considerable scope for exploiting its potential in hydropower, with an estimated 42,000 MW of feasible capacity, but political instability hampers foreign investment. Additional challenges to Nepal’s growth include its landlocked geographic location, civil strife and labor unrest, and its susceptibility to natural disaster.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $35.81 billion (2010 est.) $34.25 billion (2009 est.) $32.66 billion (2008 est.) note: data are in 2010 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $15.84 billion (2010 est.)
GDP – real growth rate: 4.6% (2010 est.) 4.9% (2009 est.) 6.1% (2008 est.)
GDP – per capita (PPP): GDP – per capita (PPP): $1,200 (2010 est.) $1,200 (2009 est.) $1,200 (2008 est.) note: data are in 2010 US dollars
GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 32.8% industry: 14.4% services: 52.8% (2010 est.)
Labor force: 18 million note: severe lack of skilled labor (2009 est.)
Labor force – by occupation: agriculture: 75% industry: 7% services: 18% (2010 est.)
Unemployment rate: 46% (2008 est.) 42% (2004 est.)
Population below poverty line: 24.7% (2008)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA highest 10%: 40.6% (2008)
Distribution of family income – Gini index: 47.2 (2008) 36.7 (1996)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 10.4% (2010 est.) 11.6% (2009 est.)
Budget: revenues: $3 billion expenditures: $4.6 billion (FY10)
Agriculture – products: pulses, rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, jute, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat
Industries: tourism, carpets, textiles; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production
Industrial production growth rate: 1.8% (FY08)
Electricity – production: 2.6 billion kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity – consumption: 2.525 billion kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity – exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity – imports: 70 million kWh (2008 est.)
Oil – production: 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil – consumption: 20,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil – exports: 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil – imports: 13,740 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil – proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
Natural gas – production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas – consumption: 0 cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas – exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas – imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas – proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
Current account balance: -$449 million (2010) $537 million (2009)
Exports: $849 million (2009) $907 million (2008)
Exports – commodities: clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, pashima, jute goods
Exports – partners: India 61.7%, US 7.5%, Germany 4.6%, Bangladesh 4.1% (2010)
Imports: $5.26 billion (2009) $4.301 billion (2009 est.)
Imports – commodities: petroleum products, machinery and equipment, gold, electrical goods, medicine
Imports – partners: India 56.2%, China 22.5% (2010)
Debt – external: $4.5 billion (2009) $3.285 billion (2008)
Stock of direct foreign investment – at home: $NA
Stock of direct foreign investment – abroad: $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $4.843 billion (31 December 2010 est.) $5.485 billion (31 December 2009) $4.894 billion (31 December 2008)
Exchange rates: Nepalese rupees (NPR) per US dollar – 72.56 (2010) 77.44 (2009) 65.21 (2008) 70.35 (2007) 72.446 (2006)
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 820,500 (2009) country comparison to the world: 86
Cellular Phones in use: 7.618 million (2009)
Telephone system: general assessment: poor telephone and telegraph service; fair radiotelephone communication service and mobile-cellular telephone network domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone service subscribership base only about 30 per 100 persons international: country code – 977; radiotelephone communications; microwave landline to India; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2008)
Radio broadcast stations:
Television broadcast stations:
Internet country code: .np
Internet hosts: 43,928 (2010)
Internet users: 577,800 (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 47 (2010) country comparison to the world: 93
Airports (paved runways): total: 11 over 3,047 m: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 9 under 914 m: 1 (2010)
Airports (unpaved runways): total: 36 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 4 under 914 m: 31 (2010)
Railways: total: 59 km narrow gauge: 59 km 0.762-m gauge (2010)
Roadways: total: 17,282 km paved: 10,142 km unpaved: 7,140 km (2007)
 Military
Military branches: Nepal Army (2010)
Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for voluntary military service; 15 years of age for military training; no conscription (2011)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 6,941,152 females age 16-49: 7,618,397 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 5,260,878 females age 16-49: 5,947,512 (2010 est.)
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